Approaches to accommodating changes in capacity using technology Frecamchat
Human factors engineering works to ensure the safety, effectiveness, and ease of use of various technological designs by explicitly taking into account human strengths and limitations in interactions with complex systems.
Lean is an integrated socio-technical systems approach and is derived from the Toyota Production System.
Statistical process control is a method of quality control that uses statistical methods to monitor and control a process to ensure that it operates at its full potential.
This model focuses on the analysis of variation, the early detection of problems, and the reduction of waste and repeat work.
Theory of constraints is a management paradigm used in complex systems to identify the most important limiting factors (constraints) in order to improve the performance of the system.
It improves efficiency by reducing variations in order to allow more capable and consistent products or processes.
Six Sigma relies on the ability to obtain process and outcome data adhering to five principles: define, measure, analyze, improve, and control.
That is, it requires systems strategies and approaches.
Over the past 15 years, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), working both independently and collaboratively, have released publications calling attention to the growing concerns of patient safety, the quality of care delivered, and the cost of health care and also identifying potential solutions based on systems engineering approaches that have been widely adopted in technology and service industries (IOM, 2000, 2001a; IOM/NAE, 2005; Kaplan et al., 2013).
Box 3-1 provides examples of systems strategies that originated in industry.